Gaberdine fabric was invented by Thomas Burberry (founder of the British luxury fashion house Burberry) by the end of the 19th century. The fabric was then patented in 1888.
Traditionally Gabardine is made from worsted wool although cotton is occasionally chosen. Garbardine is smooth on one site and has a fine ribbed diagonal pattern on the other - a look that is often times mistaken for jeans fabric.
The tight weave gives the fabric great strength which made it popular for extreme conditions. Ernest Shackleton for example wore clothes made from Gabardine during his expeditions to the Antarctica. In formal and business fashion gabardine is often chosen for pocket linings on suit jackets and trousers.